May be interesting, on this matter, to know what Romans, fathers of the western civilization, thought about it. Well, the capability to behave, in accordance with the principle of ius civilian, was recognized to the pubescent, if female, at 12 years old, if male, using the criterion of determinate case by case based on the scrutiny of physical characters (habitus corporis) related to the procreation capability. It was recognized entirely to males, not entirely if female.
It was completely refused to the Infantes, children not able of a reasonable speech (qui fari non possunt), from classic advanced age the trend was to coincide the end of the infantia with the accomplishment of the seventh year.
Was recognized partially to the impubescent infantia maiores (impubescents that had overcome the infantia). They were admitted to do, lawful and without assistance, those legal affaires that involved acquisition of a privilege and those actions advantageous to their self, was enough that they were able to understand the sense of the verba to pronounce.
Abuses are the actions and the deficiencies that seriously disturbs the child, outrage to his corporeal integrity, to his physical, emotional, intellectual and sexual growth.
PHYSICAL ABUSE: it happen when is caused, through a voluntary action of violence, physical injuries to a child.
PSYCHOLOGICAL ABUSE: every behavior that can alter, in lasting or definitive way, the feelings of personal self-respect that each human being must possess.
SEXUAL ABUSE: every sexual intercourse that causes physical injuries or is imposed to the child not observing his right to a free consent.
EMOTIONAL ABUSE: it is a collateral effect that accompanied each other form of abuse, but it can exist even independently. It happen when we use arms like the sense of guilt or the fear to influence the behavior of the child.
These are the abuses that many adults (all?) commit daily against the children, and not necessarily one is worse than other one, they are all actions of violence against a human being, and particularly, against a human being physical and psychological disadvantage, therefore worse than other actions of violence. It’s time to take conscience and fight for the liberation of the child, to free the child from emotional blackmails that daily almost every parent does against its own children; from psychological abuse continually commit by mass media, by school, by church; from violence of every kind; and to do it, the only way is to free the child from the curse of adults, give him the chance to think, acknowledge him the freedom of choice and conscience:
WE MUST ACKNOWLEDGE EVERY HUMAN RIGHT TO THE CHILD
NOT TO PROTECT, BUT TO LIBERATE
Only doing it, maybe one day this world will change and will become a little more just. There are myriad of organizations, they say nonprofit, that shout the world their wish to fight for the “rights” of the children in favor of the “protection” against the exploitation; they do innumerable advertising campaigns with mysterious costs and impression phrases, they organize assemblies and seminaries with important personages of culture, movie and television, collect billions, are present in every TV program, and other thousand stuff.
If we see all that without critic eyes, we think how they’re good…, but, what they suggests like solution, and, above all, what idea have them of the child?
Practically any of these officials organizations have the same basic ideas and are founded upon the mystification of the child as he was something different, a luxury mascot, an animal going to extinction; in fact their password is PROTECT, forge a golden cage around the child to isolate him from this repugnant and dangerous world in which we live, but they forget something: had been themselves and their ideas and values, that suggest now as solution, to do what this world is.
We think, instead, the child is entirely a human being, equal to all others on the rights, being part of this world and therefore subject in the society. Is useless and harmful to hide him (or hide to him?) by some years the truth, make him arrive unready to face the reality, in which a nice day (soon or later it happens) he will wake up. It needs instead to train him to live, give him the opportunity to know, to choose, to experience, make mistakes, learn, love, become FREE. Only a free being could be conscious of its rights and defend them. Only a free being could defend itself against the abuses like no law and/or organization will be able to do, never.
They think the causes of violence have to be seeked on the absence of values, the breakup of the family, drugs, sexual freedom, etc. Their thoughts currently seem like those of some decade ago: god (religion, Christian values, who doesn’t think like us is a devil’s son and we could not allow them contaminate our young with sinful ideas), homeland (hurray! the infallible and unchangeable state, different ideas won’t arrive to the future citizens before we could complete to “program them”), family (this baby is mine and I manage him, I will make him think like I want, I will make with him what I want: he’s mine, and I maintain him too!)…… or else: believe (in that what tells you mommy TV), obey (to the responsible adults, like: dad, mama, priest, teacher, police officer, minister), fight (the different, the homosexual and the others sexual “maniac” , the gypsies, the drug addicts, the handicapped).
If a medicine doesn’t treat me the illness, after some time, I leave it and test another one, if I am not completely crazy. If we had experimented a social theory through decades (see insolvable traditional mononuclear family) or therefore worse, through centuries (see religious doctrines) and these had not resolved any of the fundamental problems of the humanity, is really crazy insist in this direction or, therefore worse, propose them like new solutions.
Sex? god save us, what repugnant thing (when others do it), we must save the children from this shame. How do you think you had born, from a cabbage? or from two persons who have had sex? Without sex there is not life and we would say too that life is sex. Do you want to avoid every sexual emotion to the children because you think it’s traumatic and harmful? Well you mustn’t breast-feed babies because this action is very erotic to them! (if you don’t believe us read Freud).
Do you believe sex is a beautiful thing? Then, why the child must feel it like something negative, something that could not be make until WE decide the time is arrived? Why protect the child from something that is nice and could give so much joy of live if made for love and with love?
Considered that is past more than fifty years since it has been written up, and, even if revolutionary in that period, has received some cultural influences that limit its universality ;
Considered the uses and the abuses perpetrated in these years in the name of this Declaration;
Considered the necessity to extend truly to every human being the acknowledgment of these rights;
Considered the necessity to better define these Rights ,
THE UPDATE OF FOLLOWING ARTICLES IS PROPOSED: (changes, inserts and removals are indicated in white)
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, age, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.
Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
1. Every person has the right to belong to a family, without any limitation due to race, age, nationality, religion or genetic tie.
2. The marriage is optional and the contractors are entitled to equal rights as to, during marriage and at its dissolution. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.
2. Nobody could be forced to profess or to adhere to a religion.
1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be guaranteed. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all (—) .
2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further (—) the maintenance of the peace.
3. Everyone has the right to control and direct his educational destiny.
1. Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
2. In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others (—) and the general welfare in a democratic society.
3.These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the present declaration.
New Child Rights Declaration. Ten points against the discrimination and the segregation of the child.
1. We are Human Beings (not a protected specie)
Must be acknowledge to the children every human being right till now acknowledge only to adults. Everyone is born free and everyone have the same rights. There must not be discrimination based arbitrarily on age.
2. I decide! (auto determination)
Every child has the right to express his own opinion and to decide about his own life and his own body. This right must be absolute when the child becomes aware of it and there must not be arbitrarily defined an age when it “can happen”. From that occurrence, adults must not take decision in conflict with the free will of the child. This point includes other civil rights like the right to vote.
3. All equal, all diverse (no to the cultural homologation)
Pledge to everybody equal rights doesn’t mean homologate everyone to the same ideas. Children must be able to receive and to research information from every viewpoint and not to be forced to believe in parents, school or mass media opinions. They must be able to be themselves, not what parents or other people want.
4. Grow up in freedom, be educated to freedom
The right to freedom mustn’t be subordinated to the right of protection, which is often used like alibi to limit the fundamental rights of the child-person. It’s needed instead to train the children to live, give him the chance to comprehend, to choose, to make experiences, mistakes, to learn, to love, to become free. Only a free being must be aware of his rights and will defend them. Only a free being may defend himself against the abuses.
5. Stop violence (physical, psychological, sexual, emotional)
We must recognize the true violence, to be able to fight against it. Protect against violence doesn’t mean limit the personal freedom. There mustn’t be two different standards, often such one that doesn’t leaves physical marks is worse than other ones.
Children are not property of parents or state, they have the right to privacy and it must be warranted, they must be able to have their own and inviolable spaces and a life without the continuous oppression of censor adults where they may find their own place and, if them consider it necessary, to change it. Family must be a right, not an obligation. Feelings and friendships must be chosen freely.
7. Let us grow up, do experiences
Education and school mustn’t be a manner to breaking in children or to impose a preconceived will. It must be an environment where they can learn to reason, where they can make experiences, where acquire useful means to develop. Learn must be furthermore a pleasant and constructive experience, not coercive. So that, education must be guarantied, not compulsory.
8. Right to life (and health)
Every child-person must have the right to born and grow up with health, completely. There mustn’t be permitted traditions or social or religious uses that prevent the completely development of person. Hospitals, medical care, food, health and habitation services must be guaranteed.
9. No more economic disparity
With actual resources, disparity between third world children and developed countries children is immoral. Economic development mustn’t compromise the physical and cultural survival of poor countries children’s. They don’t need charity, they need social justice. Work and exploitation means must not be confused.
10. A livable world
All these rights may not apply in a inhabitable world, ruined by pollution, exploitation and overpopulation. There must be put in to action every option to safeguard the environment from harmful.