Black CongressesBlack Congresses have stood for honor and equality for hundreds of years fighting for civil rights for African Americans. The National Negro Congress was established in 1935 at the illustrious Howard University. The National Negro Congress stood for equality and exemplified that in its long going oppositions of war, fascism, and discrimination, especially racial discrimination. The National Negro Congress grew out of the Joint Committee on National Recovery's (JCNR) conference in May 1935. Frustration with the new deal and the inequalities in it, John P. Davis and Communist Party leader James Ford decided to bring together meaningful organizations that would be dedicated in the ongoing fight against racial discrimination. At the first the first NNC convention held in Chicago in 1936 over 800 delegates representing 551 organizations and over 3 million constituents congregated to join in efforts to fight inequality.
Even with communist backing the NNC were compelled to configuring ways for fair employment opportunities and housing, union membership and educational opportunities, an end to police brutality and beatings and solidarity against fascism. Due to the Nazi-Soviet pact, many communists backed out of the NNC due to other obligations. The cold war was also another factor that led to the end of the National Negro Congress by the early 1940s. Many of the National Negro Congress's members remained civil rights activists. John P. Davis, the most influential member of the National Negro Congress name has been forgotten but his acts will never be. He put up the most sincere civil rights movement and fight for rights of women and minorities during the 1930s. This Harvard Educated lawyer continued his fight for civil rights after the demise of the National Negro Congress. Davis attended President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first National Recovery Administration hearing and noticed, in disbelief, that no one represented the interests of African-Americans. It took that moment for him to know that it was time to form the National Negro Congress.
The National Black Political Convention was held in Gary, Indiana in 1972. Eighty thousand African Americans attended, three thousands which were delegates. This convention was held by African Americans for African Americans, excluding whites. Some NAACP officials didn't agree with that. This convention was to promote a new social party of America. This group included elected officials and revolutionaries, integrationists and black nationalists, Baptists and Muslims. The widows of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X attended and were greeted majestically. Delegates created the National Black Political Agenda that focused on the election of a proportionate number of black representatives to Congress, community control of schools, national health insurance, and the elimination of capital punishment. The convention was a united gathering of African American officials who wanted not only change in the community but also wanted their fellow members and America to see and understand their vision of a world were fear and anxiety doesn't have to exist as long as we unite as one.